What is used in cold chain technology?

What is used in cold chain technology?

Cold chain logistics involves the transportation of temperature-controlled products along a supply chain using refrigerated packaging solutions to preserve the quality of products such as fresh agricultural produce, seafood, frozen food, or pharmaceutical products.01-Dec-2021

What are the new technologies in pharmaceutical industry?

Top 10 Pharma Trends in 2022

What are the types of cold chain?

There are two types of cold chain packaging systems: active and passive. Active systems consist of cold chain transport containers featuring advanced electric or battery-powered temperature controls. Active systems often have built-in cooling units or rely on dry ice as a coolant.21-Jul-2020

How is Blockchain used in pharmaceutical industry?

Blockchains can be used to trace the origin of pharmaceuticals, the transport of drugs, and the procurement of raw materials. Blockchain technology also reduces the number of intermediaries involved in the pharmaceutical process, thereby reducing costs and improving safety (Huang, Wu & Long, 2018).11-Mar-2022

What are cold chain products in pharmacy?

Cold chain pharmaceutical products are goods that must be stored at a certain temperature to maintain their quality and safety. These goods may be vaccines, components of cells, gene therapies, or biologics.25-Jul-2022

What is Vvm in cold chain?

A vaccine vial monitor (VVM) is a thermochromic label put on vials containing vaccines which gives a visual indication of whether the vaccine has been kept at a temperature which preserves its potency.

What are latest trends in pharmaceutical industry?

As per Pharmaceutical Technology, a 2021 GlobalData survey revealed that 70% of surveyed pharma industry clients anticipate drug development to be the most impacted in 2022 by smart technologies, like Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), and Natural Language Processing (NLP).07-Feb-2022

What are the four steps in the pharmaceutical supply chain?

All businesses with an efficient supply chain follow a four step process, including demand management, inventory management and distribution, secondary production planning and scheduling, and primary manufacturing, according to a report from researchers at Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine.01-Jul-2020

What is ERP in pharmaceutical industry?

An ERP software for pharmaceutical industry emerges as the system that controls, connects, and integrates all the departments, and internal processes, and automates all the key functions such as planning, procurement, inventory, manufacturing, and business intelligence.10-Jun-2021

Why is it called cold chain?

It takes a chain of precisely coordinated events in temperature-controlled environments to store, manage and transport these life-saving products. This is called a cold chain. Vaccines must be continuously stored in a limited temperature range – from the time they are manufactured until the moment of vaccination.

What is the purpose of cold chain?

The cold chain is a set of rules and procedures that ensure the proper storage and distribution of vaccines to health services from the national to the local level. The cold chain is interconnected with refrigeration equipment that allows vaccines to be stored at recommended temperatures to maintain their potency.

Who uses cold chain?

Any product that is temperature sensitive needs cold chain management. These temperature-sensitive products need cold chain management: Vaccines including the COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna. Medical products including blood, biologics, insulin, and other medical devices.15-Nov-2021

Which pharma companies are using blockchain?

Pharma giants like Pfizer, Amgen, and Sanofi are looking to streamline the process of developing and testing new drugs by using blockchain technology. The companies believe the collaboration with blockchain technology may help to increase efficiency, accelerate the R&D process, and reduce drug development costs.06-May-2022

What is TRx in pharma?

TRx = Total prescriptions. NRx = New prescriptions, but not necessarily a new therapy for the patient. NBRx = New prescriptions, as in the first time a patient is being prescribed a particular drug.31-Aug-2021

How is PCR used in pharmaceutical industry?

It is used to identify genes related to certain phenotypes including genetic disorders. Regular testing of the microbial load of raw materials and finished products is an important process in the pharmaceutical & biotechnology industry.25-Feb-2020

Why is cold chain important in pharmacy?

The purpose of the cold chain is to protect and control pharmaceutical products at the right temperature, from production to storage and then to the consumer. If the cold chain is broken, drugs may lose their effectiveness. It can even create deadly hazards in biological products such as vaccines or plasma.06-Sept-2021

Which drugs are stored in freezer?

Some examples of medications requiring frozen storage conditions include: anthrax immune globulin (Anthrasil [U.S. only]), carmustine wafer (Gliadel [U.S. only]), cholera (live) vaccine (Vaxchora), dinoprostone vaginal insert (Cervidil), dinoprostone vaginal suppository (Prostin E2 [U.S.]), varicella vaccine (Varivax [

How do pharmacists maintain cold chains?

Preparation of Cooler Boxes/Passive Containers and Ice Packs Clean and disinfect cooler boxes/passive containers before and after use. Store ice packs in the freezer for contingencies and use conditioned ice packs for transportation of the vaccines.

How many types of VVM are there?

Yes, there are four types of VVM for vaccines of differing heat stability. Some vaccines are more sensitive to heat than others.

What is CRT in cold chain process?

According to the U.S Pharmacopeia (USP) it is a maintained temperature between 20-25 degrees, excursions within the realms of 15 and 30 degrees in pharmacies and hospitals are allowed in some cases.

What are the elements of cold chain?

A cold chain can functionally be considered as the close interaction between three technologies:

What is used in cold chain technology?